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You are here: The Platypus Affiliated Society/Archive for category German Reading Groups

„Die Tradition aller toten Geschlechter lastet wie ein Alp auf dem Gehirne der
Lebenden“ (Karl Marx)

Daten: Freitags vom 22. April bis 5. August
Zeit: 16-19 Uhr
Ort: Campus Bockenheim
Raum: Neue Mensa 118

Platypus und die Krise der Linken
Warum wir sagen: “Die Linke ist tot, lang lebe die Linke!”
Erste Sitzung am 04.03.16

Die historischen Wurzeln der Linken und des Marxismus liegen in den bürgerlichen Revolutionen des 17. und 18. Jahrunderts und deren Krise im 19. Jahrhundert. Mit diesem Lesekreis wollen wir versuchen, jenen geschichtlichen Hintergrund durch Lektüre der Texte von Marx und der radikalen bürgerlichen Philosophie der Aufklärung, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel sowie Nietzsche, herauszuarbeiten.
Im 20. Jahrhundert bemühten die Theoretiker der Frankfurter Schule, Marx und das politische Bewusstsein des Marxismus, kraft kritischer Reflexion, in seiner Relevanz lebendig zu erhalten . Durch Texte von Autoren wie Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Georg Lukács, Karl Korsch und Leszek Kołakowski, soll versucht werden, das Problem des politischen Bewusstseins der Linken im 20. Jahrhundert, das bis heute prägend bleibt, in seinem historischen Kontext zu beleuchten.

Erste Sitzung: 20. Oktober

Alle Sitzungen finden dienstags von 18-21 Uhr im Raum K2 im Studierendenhaus in Bockenheim statt.


Woche 1: 20.10.2015

 Wilhelm Reich“Ideologie als materielle Gewalt” (1933/46) (englisch)

http://www.numinosa.at/app/download/5001551/(ebook+-+german)+Reich,+Wilhelm+-+Massenpsychologie+des+Faschismus.pdf

• Siegfried Kracauer“Das Ornament der Masse” (1927)

 


Woche 2: 27.10.2015

• Inschriften von James Miller (über Jean-Jacques Rousseau) und Louis Menand (über Edmund Wilson) über moderne Geschichte und Freiheit
• Chris 
Cutrone“Capital in history” (2008) [voläufige Übersetzung auf detutsch] • Cutrone“The Marxist hypothesis” (2010)



Woche 3: 03.11.2015

• Friedrich Nietzsche“Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Historie für das Leben” (1874)

 



Woche 4: 10.11.2015

• Immanuel Kant“Idee zu einer allgemeinen Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht” (1784)
• Immanuel Kant“Was ist Aufklärung?” (1784)
• Benjamin ConstantÜber die Freiheit der Alten im Vergleich zu der Heutigen (1819)


Woche 5: 17.11.2015

• Max HorkheimerAuszüge aus Dämmerung (1926–31)
• 
Adorno“Ausschweifung” (1944–47) (GS4:297-300, Anhang in Minima Moralia, letzter Abschnitt)


 Woche 6: 24.11.2015

• Leszek Kolakowski, “Der Sinn des Begriffes ‘Linke’” (1968)
• Karl 
MarxAuszug aus den Anmerkungen zur Doktordissertation (1839–41) [MEW 40, S. 325 - 331] • MarxBrief von Marx an Arnold Ruge (September 1843)


Woche 7: 01.12.2015

• Marx, Auszüge aus Ökonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte (1844): Die entfremdete Arbeit;Privateigentum und KommunismusBedürfnis, Produktion und Arbeitsteilung (bis |XXI||, MEW 40:556 [exclusiv ||XXXIV|| Die Grundrente])
• 
Marx und Friedrich EngelsManifest der Kommunistischen Partei (1848)

 


Woche 8: 08.12.2015
Was ist Marxismus? II: Die Revolution von 1848

• Engels, Zur Taktik der Sozialdemokratie (Einleitung zu Karl Marx’ “Klassenkämpfe in Frankreich 1848 bis 1850″ (1895))
• 
Marx, Auszüge aus Die Klassenkämpfe in Frankreich 1848 bis 1850 (1850) (nur Teil I, der verlinkt ist)
• 
Marx, Auszüge aus Der achtzehnte Brumaire des Louis Napoleon (1852) [Teil I und VII]


Woche 9: 15.12.2015

• MarxInauguraladresse der Internationalen Arbeiter-Assoziation (1864)

• Marx, Auszüge aus Der Bürgerkrieg in Frankreich [Teil III und IV] (1871, mit Engels Einleitung von 1891)
• 
MarxKritik des Gothaer Programms (1875)


Woche 10: 12.01.2016

• MarxEinleitung zur Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie (1857–61) [MEW Bd. 13, S.615-641]

• MarxKapital Bd. I, Kap. 1 Teil. 4 “Der Fetischcharakter der Ware und sein Geheimnis (1867) [MEW Bd. 23, S.85-98]


Woche 11: 19.01.2016

• Georg Lukács, “Das Phänomen der Verdinglichung” (Teil I des Kapitels “Die Verdinglichung und das Bewusstsein des Proletariats,” Geschichte und Klassenbewusstsein (1923)


Woche 12: 26.01.2016
Was ist Marxismus? VI: Klassenbewusstsein

• Lukács, Vorwort von 1922, “Was ist orthodoxer Marxismus?” (1919), “Klassenbewusstsein” (1920), Geschichte und Klassenbewusstsein (1923)


Woche 13: 02.02.2016
Marxismus und Philosophie

• KorschMarxismus und Philosophie” (1923) [in der verlinkten Ausgabe S.84-160]


 

 

Alle Sitzungen finden im Studierendenhaus auf dem Uni Campus Bockenheim im Raum K2, dienstags von 18-21 Uhr statt. Neueinsteiger und alle Interessierte sind immer willkommen!

 

Empfohlen Vorbereitungs- und Hintergrundlektüre:

 

  1. Woche: Dienstag 11.8.2015 18-21Uhr

 

  1. Woche: Dienstag 18.8.2015 18-21Uhr

 

  1. Woche: Montag 24.8.2015 18-21Uhr

 

  • The Organisational Structure of the Communist Parties, the Methods and Content of Their Work: Theses (1921)

 

Leo Trotzki, Die ersten fünf Jahre der kommunistischen Internationale Vol.1 (1924)

Empfohlene Passagen sind mit * gekennzeichnet:

Volume I* Author’s 1924 Introduction *I. The First World Congress 
* 1. Manifesto of the Communist International to the Workers of the World *
2. Report on the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Red Army
3. Order of the Day Number 83 to the Red Army and NavyII. From the First to the Second World Congress
* 4. To Comrades of the Spartacus League *
* 5. A Creeping Revolution *
6. Great Days
7. En Route: Thoughts on the Progress of the Proletarian Revolution
8. French Socialism on the Eve of Revolution
9. Jean Longuet
10. On the Coming Congress of the CominternIII. The Second World Congress
* 11. Speech on Comrade Zinoviev’s Report on the Role of the Party *
* 12. Manifesto of the Second World Congress *
* Part I ** Part II *IV. From the Second to the Third World Congress
13. On the Policy of the KAPD (Communist Workers Party of Germany)
14. Speech Delivered at the Second World Conference of Communist Women
15. Letter to Comrade Monatte
16. Letter to Comrades Cachin and Frossard
17. On L’Humanité, the Central Organ of the French PartyV. The Third World Congress
18. The Red Army to the General Staff of the Revolution
* 19. Report on the World Economic Crisis and the New Tasks of the Communist International *
* Part I ** Part II *
20. Summary Speech
* 21. Theses of the Third World Congress on the International Situation and the Tasks of the Comintern *
22. Speech on the Italian Question at the Third Congress of the Communist International
23. Speech on Comrade Radek’s Report on “Tactics of the Comintern” at the Third Congress
24. Speech on Comrade Lenin’s Report: “Tactics of the Russian Communist Party”VI. From the Third to the Fourth World Congress
25. The Main Lesson of the Third Congress
26. Report on “The Balance Sheet” of the Third Congress of the Communist International
27. Summary SpeechAppendixTowards the First World Congress
1. May Day and the International
* 2. To the Spartacus League of Germany and the Communist Party of German Austria *
* 3. Order Out of Chaos *The First World Congress
4. Invitation to the First World CongressFrom the First to the Second World Congress
5. A Letter to Our French ComradesFrom the Second to the Third World Congress
6. A Letter to a French Syndicalist About the Communist Party
7. Vergeat, Lepetit and Lefebvre
8. The March Movement in Germany
9. The March Revolutionary Movement in Germany (Personal Notes)
10. May Day Manifesto of the ECCI
* 11. The Unemployed and the Trade Unions *

 

  1. Woche: Dienstag 1.9.2015 18-21Uhr

 

Leo Trotzki, Die ersten fünf Jahre der kommunistischen Internationale Vol.2

 

Empfohlene Passagen sind mit * gekennzeichnet:

Volume II

From the Third to the Fourth World Congress
* 1. A School of Revolutionary Strategy (July 1921) *
* Part I ** Part II *
2. From the ECCI to the Central Committee of the French Communist Party (June 25, 1921)
3. From the ECCI to the Marseilles Convention of the French Communist Party (December 1921)
4. Speech on Comrade Zinoviev’s Report “The Tactics of the Comintern” at the Eleventh Party Conference (December 1921)
* 5. Summary Speech at the Eleventh Party Conference (December 1921) *
* 6. Flood-tide (December 25, 1921) *
* 7. Paul Levi and Some ‘Lefts’ (January 6, 1922) *
* 8. On the United Front (March 2, 1922) *
9. Resolution of the ECCI on the French Communist Party (March 2, 1922)
10. The Communists and the Peasantry in France (April 29, 1922)
11. The Lessons of May Day (May 10, 1922)
12. From the ECCI to the Central Committee of the French Communist Party (May 12, 1922)
13. French Communism and the Position of Comrade Rappoport (May 23, 1922)
14. To Comrade Ker (June 6, 1922)
15. Resolution of the ECCI on the French Communist Party (June 11, 1922)
16. To Comrade Treint (July 28, 1922)
17. From the ECCI to the Seine Federation of the French Communist Party (Summer 1922)
18. From the ECCI to the Paris Convention of the French Communist Party (September 13, 1922)
19. From the ECCI to the Paris Convention of the French Communist Party (October 6, 1922)
The Fourth World Congress
* 20. The Fifth Anniversary of the October Revolution and the Fourth World Congress of the Communist International (October 20, 1922) *
21. Speech in Honour of the Communist International (November 7, 1922)
* 22. The New Economic Policy of Soviet Russia and the Perspectives of the World Revolution (November 14, 1922) *
* Part I ** Part II *
* 23. The Economic Situation of Soviet Russia From the Standpoint of the Socialist Revolution (theses) (December 1, 1922) *
24. Resolution on the French Question (December 2, 1922)
25. A Militant Labour Program for the French Communist Party(December 5, 1922)
26. Resolution of the French Commission (December 2, 1922)
After the Fourth Congress
* 27. Political Perspectives (November 1922) *
28. Report on the Fourth World Congress (December 28, 1922)
29. Preface to The Communist Movement in France (March 25, 1923)
30. Is the Slogan of ’The United States of Europe’ a Timely One? (June 30, 1923)
31. Can a Counter-Revolution or a Revolution be Made on Schedule? (September 23, 1923)
* 32. To Comrade McKay (March 13, 1923) *

 

  1. Woche: Dienstag 8.9.2015 18-21Uhr

Leo Trotzki, Die dritte Internationale nach Lenin nur Teil 1 und 2 (1928)

 

  1. Woche: Dienstag 15.9.2015 18-21Uhr

Leo Trotzki, Die dritte Internationale nach Lenin Teil 3 und 4

 

  1. Woche: Dienstag 22.9.2015 18-21Uhr

C.L.R. James, The World Revolution 1917-36(1937) Bis einschließlich Kapitel V

 

  1. Woche: Dienstag 29.9.2015 18-21Uhr

C.L.R. James, The World Revolution 1917-36 (1937) Bis einschließlich Kapitel X.

 

  1. Woche: Dienstag 6.10.2015 18-21Uhr

C.L.R. James, The World Revolution 1917-36 (1937) Rest

Rousseau-Smith-Kant-Hegel-Nietzsche

We will address the greater context for Marx and Marxism through the issue of bourgeois radicalism in philosophy in the 18th and 19th Centuries. Discussion will emerge by working through the development from Kant and Hegel to Nietzsche, but also by reference to the Rousseauian aftermath, and the emergence of the modern society of capital, as registered by liberals such as Adam Smith and Benjamin Constant.

The principle of freedom and its corollary, “perfectibility,” . . . suggest that the possibilities for being human are both multiple and, literally, endless. . . . Contemporaries like Kant well understood the novelty and radical implications of Rousseau’s new principle of freedom [and] appreciated his unusual stress on history as the site where the true nature of our species is simultaneously realized and perverted, revealed and distorted. A new way of thinking about the human condition had appeared. . . . As Hegel put it, “The principle of freedom dawned on the world in Rousseau, and gave infinite strength to man, who thus apprehended himself as infinite.”
– James Miller (author of The Passion of Michel Foucault, 2000), Introduction to Rousseau,Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (Hackett, 1992)

Recommended background reading:

+ Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 17891848 [PDF]

Location:
Wednesdays 6:30 pm
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Center Room 3C*
Geschwister-Scholl-Straße 1/3
10117 Berlin

*Please note that you cannot bring a non-clear bag into the library.  We will be meeting at 6:30 in-front of the library if anyone needs to use the lockers with a lock to store their bags


Schedule

Week 1: June 10

Max Horkheimer, “The little man and the philosophy of freedom” (pp. 50–52 from selections from Dämmerung,1926–31) [ENG] [DEU]

Cutrone"The Marxist hypothesis" (2010) [ENG]

• Louis Menand (on Marx and Engels) [ENG]

 Karl Marx, on "becoming" (from the Grundrisse, 1857–58) [ENG] [DEU]

Chris Cutrone"Capital in history" (2008) [ENG] [DEU]

Capital in history timeline and chart of terms
video of Communist University 2011 London presentation
+ Robert Pippin, “On Critical Theory” [HTML Critical Inquiry 2003]


Week 2: June 17

• Jean-Jacques RousseauDiscourse on the Origin of Inequality PDFs of preferred translation (5 parts): [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
• Rousseau, from On the Social Contract [ENG] [DEU] (Book I Sec 5-9, Book II Chap 1-4)


Week 3: June 24

 Adam Smith, selections from The Wealth of Nations

Volume I [PDF]
Introduction and Plan of the Work
Book I: Of the Causes of Improvement…
I.1. Of the Division of Labor
I.2. Of the Principle which gives Occasion to the Division of Labour
I.3. That the Division of Labour is Limited by the Extent of the Market
I.4. Of the Origin and Use of Money
I.6. Of the Component Parts of the Price of Commodities
I.7. Of the Natural and Market Price of Commodities
I.8. Of the Wages of Labour
I.9. Of the Profits of Stock
Book III: Of the different Progress of Opulence in different Nations
III.1.
 Of the Natural Progress of Opulence
III.2. Of the Discouragement of Agriculture in the Ancient State of Europe after the Fall of the Roman Empire
III.3. Of the Rise and Progress of Cities and Towns, after the Fall of the Roman Empire
III.4. How the Commerce of the Towns Contributed to the Improvement of the Country


Week 4: July 1

Smith, selections from The Wealth of Nations

Volume II [PDF]
IV.7. Of Colonies
Book V: Of the Revenue of the Sovereign or Commonwealth
V.1. Of the Expences of the Sovereign or Commonwealth


Week 5: July 8

• Immanuel Kant, “Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View“ [ENG] [DEU]
Kant, “What is Enlightenment? ” [ENG] [DEU]
• 
Benjamin Constant, “The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns” [ENG] [DEU]


Week 6: July 15

G.W.F. HegelIntroduction to the Philosophy of History [HTML] [PDF pp. 14–96 (96–128)] [ENG] [DEU]


Week 7: July 22

Audio: Richard Strauss, “Der Held” ["The Hero"], Ein Heldenleben [A Hero's Life] (1898)
• Friedrich NietzscheThe Use and Abuse of History for Life [translator's introduction by Peter Preuss] [ENG] [DEU]
Nietzsche, selection from On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense [ENG] [DEU]


Week 8: July 29

+ Human, All Too Human: Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil (1999)

Nietzsche, On the Genealogy of Morals: A Polemic [ENG] [DEU]