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Summer and Fall/Autumn 2020 – Winter 2021

I. What is the Left? – What is Marxism?


required / + recommended reading


Marx and Engels readings pp. from Robert C. Tucker, ed., Marx-Engels Reader (Norton 2nd ed., 1978)


Week A. Introduction: Capital in history | Aug. 1, 2020

• Max Horkheimer, "The little man and the philosophy of freedom" (1926–31)

• epigraphs on modern history and freedom by Louis Menand (on Marx and Engels), Karl Marx, on "becoming" (from the Grundrisse, 1857–58), and Peter Preuss (on history)

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) chart of terms

• Chris Cutrone, "Capital in history" (2008)

+ Capital in history timeline and chart of terms

+ video of Communist University 2011 London presentation

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms

Cutrone, "The Marxist hypothesis" (2010)

Cutrone, “Class consciousness (from a Marxist persective) today” (2012)

+ G.M. Tamas, "Telling the truth about class" [HTML] (2007)

+ Robert Pippin, "On Critical Theory" (2004)

+ Rainer Maria Rilke, "Archaic Torso of Apollo" (1908)


Week B. 1960s New Left I. Neo-Marxism | Aug. 8, 2020

• Martin Nicolaus, “The unknown Marx” (1968)

+ Commodity form chart of terms

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

+ Organic composition of capital chart of terms

+ Marx on surplus-value chart of terms

• Theodor W. Adorno, “Late Capitalism or Industrial Society?” (AKA “Is Marx Obsolete?”) (1968)

• Moishe Postone, “Necessity, labor, and time” (1978)

+ Postone, “Interview: Marx after Marxism” (2008)

+ Postone, “History and helplessness: Mass mobilization and contemporary forms of anticapitalism” (2006)

+ Postone, “Theorizing the contemporary world: Brenner, Arrighi, Harvey” (2006)


Week C. 1960s New Left II: Gender and sexuality | Aug. 15, 2020

The situation of women is different from that of any other social group. This is because they are not one of a number of isolable units, but half a totality: the human species. Women are essential and irreplaceable; they cannot therefore be exploited in the same way as other social groups can. They are fundamental to the human condition, yet in their economic, social and political roles, they are marginal. It is precisely this combination — fundamental and marginal at one and the same time — that has been fatal to them.

— Juliet Mitchell, "Women: The longest revolution" (1966)

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

• Juliet Mitchell, “Women: The longest revolution” (1966)

• Clara Zetkin and Vladimir Lenin, “An interview on the woman question” (1920)

• Theodor W. Adorno, “Sexual taboos and the law today” (1963)

• John D’Emilio, “Capitalism and gay identity” (1983)


Week D. 1960s New Left III. Anti-black racism in the U.S. | Aug. 22, 2020

As a social party we receive the Negro and all other races upon absolutely equal terms. We are the party of the working class, the whole working class, and we will not suffer ourselves to be divided by any specious appeal to race prejudice; and if we should be coaxed or driven from the straight road we will be lost in the wilderness and ought to perish there, for we shall no longer be a Socialist party.

— Eugene Debs, "The Negro in the class struggle" (1903)

+ Eugene Debs, "The Negro in the class struggle" (1903) 

+ Debs, "The Negro and his nemesis" (1904)

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

• Richard Fraser, “Two lectures on the black question in America and revolutionary integrationism” (1953)

+ Fraser, "For the materialist conception of the Negro struggle" (1955)

• James Robertson and Shirley Stoute, “For black Trotskyism” (1963)

+ Spartacist League, “Black and red: Class struggle road to Negro freedom” (1966)

+ Bayard Rustin, “The failure of black separatism” (1970)

• Adolph Reed, “Black particularity reconsidered” (1979)

+ Reed, “Paths to Critical Theory” (1984)


Week E. Frankfurt School precursors | Aug. 29, 2020

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

• Wilhelm Reich, “Ideology as material power” (1933/46)

• Siegfried Kracauer, “The mass ornament” (1927)

+ Kracauer, “Photography” (1927)

Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms


Week F. Radical bourgeois philosophy I. Rousseau: Crossroads of society | Sep. 5, 2020

To be radical is to go to the root of the matter. For man, however, the root is man himself.
— Marx, Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right (1843)

Whoever dares undertake to establish a people’s institutions must feel himself capable of changing, as it were, human nature, of transforming each individual, who by himself is a complete and solitary whole, into a part of a larger whole, from which, in a sense, the individual receives his life and his being, of substituting a limited and mental existence for the physical and independent existence. He has to take from man his own powers, and give him in exchange alien powers which he cannot employ without the help of other men.

— Jean-Jacques Rousseau, On the Social Contract (1762)

• Max Horkheimer, "The little man and the philosophy of freedom" (1926–31)

• epigraphs on modern history and freedom by James Miller (on Jean-Jacques Rousseau), Louis Menand (on Marx and Engels), Karl Marx, on "becoming" (from the Grundrisse, 1857–58), and Peter Preuss (on history)

+ Rainer Maria Rilke, "Archaic Torso of Apollo" (1908)

+ Robert Pippin, "On Critical Theory" (2004)

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) chart of terms

• Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (1754) PDFs of preferred translation (5 parts): [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

+ Capital in history timeline and chart of terms

Rousseau, selection from On the Social Contract (1762)


Week G. Radical bourgeois philosophy II. Adam Smith: On the wealth of nations (part 1) | Sep. 12, 2020

Adam Smith, selections from The Wealth of Nations

Volume I [PDF]
Introduction and Plan of the Work
Book I: Of the Causes of Improvement…
I.1. Of the Division of Labor
I.2. Of the Principle which gives Occasion to the Division of Labour
I.3. That the Division of Labour is Limited by the Extent of the Market
I.4. Of the Origin and Use of Money
I.5 Of the Real and Nominal Price of Commodities
I.6. Of the Component Parts of the Price of Commodities
I.7. Of the Natural and Market Price of Commodities
I.8. Of the Wages of Labour
I.9. Of the Profits of Stock
Book III: Of the different Progress of Opulence in different Nations
III.1.
Of the Natural Progress of Opulence
III.2. Of the Discouragement of Agriculture in the Ancient State of Europe after the Fall of the Roman Empire
III.3. Of the Rise and Progress of Cities and Towns, after the Fall of the Roman Empire
III.4. How the Commerce of the Towns Contributed to the Improvement of the Country


Week H. Radical bourgeois philosophy III. Adam Smith: On the wealth of nations (part 2) | Sep. 19, 2020

Smith, selections from The Wealth of Nations

Volume II [PDF]
IV.7, Of Colonies
V.1. Of the Expences of the Sovereign or Commonwealth


Week I. Radical bourgeois philosophy IV. What is the Third Estate? | Sep. 26, 2020

• Abbé Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, What is the Third Estate? (1789) [full text]

+ Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees (1732)


Week J. Radical bourgeois philosophy V. Kant and Constant: Bourgeois society | Oct. 3, 2020

• Immanuel Kant, "Idea for a universal history from a cosmopolitan point of view" and "What is Enlightenment?" (1784)

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) chart of terms

+ Kant's 3 Critiques [PNG] and philosophy [PNG] charts of terms

• Benjamin Constant, "The liberty of the ancients compared with that of the moderns" (1819)

+ Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the origin of inequality (1754)

+ Rousseau, selection from On the social contract (1762)


Week K. Radical bourgeois philosophy VI. Hegel: Freedom in history | Oct. 10, 2020

• G.W.F. Hegel, Introduction to the Philosophy of History (1831) [HTML] [PDF pp. 14-128] [Audiobook]

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) chart of terms


Week 1. What is the Left? I. Capital in history | Oct. 17, 2020

• Max Horkheimer, "The little man and the philosophy of freedom" (1926–31)

• epigraphs on modern history and freedom by Louis Menand (on Marx and Engels), Karl Marx, on "becoming" (from the Grundrisse, 1857–58), and Peter Preuss (on history)

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) chart of terms

• Chris Cutrone, "Capital in history" (2008)

+ Capital in history timeline and chart of terms

+ video of Communist University 2011 London presentation

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

Cutrone, "The Marxist hypothesis" (2010)

Cutrone, “Class consciousness (from a Marxist persective) today” (2012)

+ G.M. Tamas, "Telling the truth about class" [HTML] (2007)

+ Robert Pippin, "On Critical Theory" (2004)

+ Rainer Maria Rilke, "Archaic Torso of Apollo" (1908)


Week 2. What is the Left? II. Utopia and critique | Oct. 24, 2020

• Max Horkheimer, selections from Dämmerung (1926–31)

Adorno, “Imaginative Excesses” (1944–47)

• Leszek Kolakowski, “The concept of the Left” (1958)

• Herbert Marcuse, "Note on dialectic" (1960)

Marx, To make the world philosophical (from Marx's dissertation, 1839–41), pp. 9–11

Marx, For the ruthless criticism of everything existing (letter to Arnold Ruge, September 1843), pp. 12–15

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms


Week 3. What is Marxism? I. Socialism | Oct. 31, 2020

Marx, selections from Economic and philosophic manuscripts (1844), pp. 70–101

+ Commodity form chart of terms

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

Marx and Friedrich Engels, selections from the Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848), pp. 469–500

Marx, The coming upheaval (from The Poverty of Philosophy, 1847), pp. 218–19


Week 4. What is Marxism? II. Revolution in 1848 | Nov. 7, 2020

Marx, Address to the Central Committee of the Communist League (1850), pp. 501–511 and Class struggle and mode of production (letter to Weydemeyer, 1852), pp. 218–220

Engels, The tactics of social democracy (Engels's 1895 introduction to Marx, The Class Struggles in France), pp. 556–573

Marx, selections from The Class Struggles in France 1848–50 (1850), pp. 586–593

Marx, selections from The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (1852), pp. 594–617


Week 5. What is Marxism? III. Bonapartism | Nov. 14, 2020

+ Karl Korsch, "The Marxism of the First International" (1924)

Marx, Inaugural address to the First International (1864), pp. 512–519

Marx, selections from The Civil War in France (1871, including Engels's 1891 Introduction), pp. 618–652

+ Korsch, Introduction to Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme (1922)

Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme, pp. 525–541

Marx, Programme of the Parti Ouvrier (1880)


Week 6. What is Marxism? IV. Critique of political economy | Nov. 21, 2020

The fetish character of the commodity is not a fact of consciousness; rather it is dialectical, in the eminent sense that it produces consciousness. . . . [P]erfection of the commodity character in a Hegelian self-consciousness inaugurates the explosion of its phantasmagoria.
— Theodor W. Adorno, letter to Walter Benjamin, August 2, 1935

+ Commodity form chart of terms

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

+ Organic composition of capital chart of terms 

+ Marx on surplus-value chart of terms

Marx, selections from the Grundrisse (1857–61), pp. 222–226, 236–244, 247–250, 276–293 ME Reader pp. 276–281

Marx, Capital Vol. I, Ch. 1 Sec. 4 "The fetishism of commodities" (1867), pp. 319–329

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms


Winter break readings

+ Richard Appignanesi and Oscar Zarate / A&Z, Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution / Lenin for Beginners (1977)
+ Sebastian Haffner, Failure of a Revolution: Germany 1918–19 (1968)
+ Tariq Ali and Phil Evans, Introducing Trotsky and Marxism / Trotsky for Beginners (1980)
+ James Joll, The Second International 1889–1914 (1966)
+ Carl Schorske, The SPD 1905-17: The Development of the Great Schism (1955)
+ J.P. Nettl, Rosa Luxemburg (1966) [Vol. 1] [Vol. 2]
+ Edmund Wilson, To the Finland Station: A Study in the Writing and Acting of History (1940), Part II. Ch. (1–4,) 5–10, 12–16; Part III. Ch. 1–6


Week 8. Nov. 28, 2020 U.S. Thanksgiving break


Week 7. What is Marxism? V. Reification | Dec. 5, 2020 / Jan. 2, 2021

• Georg Lukács, “The phenomenon of reification” (Part I of “Reification and the consciousness of the proletariat,” History and Class Consciousness, 1923)
+ Commodity form chart of terms
+ Reification chart of terms
+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms
+ Organic composition of capital chart of terms
+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms


Week 9. What is Marxism? VI. Class consciousness | Dec. 12, 2020 / Jan. 9, 2021

Lukács, “Class Consciousness” (1920), Original Preface (1922), “What is Orthodox Marxism?” (1919), History and Class Consciousness (1923)
+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 
+ Reification chart of terms
+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms
+ Herbert Marcuse, "Note on dialectic" (1960)
+ Marx, Preface to the First German Edition and Afterword to the Second German Edition (1873) of Capital (1867), pp. 294–298, 299–302


Week 10. What is Marxism? VII. Ends of philosophy | Dec. 19, 2020 / Jan. 16, 2021

Korsch, “Marxism and philosophy” (1923)

+ Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms

+ Herbert Marcuse, "Note on dialectic" (1960)
+ Marx, To make the world philosophical (from Marx's dissertation, 1839–41), pp. 9–11

+ Marx, For the ruthless criticism of everything existing (letter to Arnold Ruge, September 1843), pp. 12–15

+ Marx, "Theses on Feuerbach" (1845), pp. 143–145


Winter–Spring 2021

II. Introduction to revolutionary Marxism

Liberty Leading the People, Eugène Delacroix

Sunday 21st June - Sunday 23rd August

Time: 16:00 - 18:30 (BST)

Reading group sessions will take place on ZOOM (link: https://lse.zoom.us/j/97132319483)

• required / + recommended reading


Week 1. Art and politics after postmodernism | June 21, 2020

“[Artists'] work is to sustain the critical moment of aesthetic experience. [Critics' work] is to recognize it.”
-- Susan Buck-Morss, response to Visual culture questionnaire (1996)

• Susan Buck-Morssresponse to Visual culture questionnaire (1996)
• Robert Pippin"On Critical Theory" (2004)
Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms [PNG]
• Chris Cutrone"The relevance of Critical Theory to art today" (2011)
• Cutrone"An incomplete project? Art and politics after postmodernism" (2010)


Week 2. The meaning of art | June 28, 2020

Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms [PNG]
+ Kant's 3 Critiques [PNG] and philosophy [PNG] charts of terms
• Immanuel KantPreface and IntroductionCritique of Judgment (1790) [full book PDF]


Week 3. Art and humanity | July 5, 2020

Schiller on aesthetic education (and Nietzsche on art) chart of terms [PNG]
• Friedrich SchillerLetters on the Aesthetic Education of Man (1794)


Week 4. Modern aesthetics of art | July 12, 2020

• G.W.F. HegelIntroductory Lectures on Aesthetics (Introduction): [PDF]
Prefatory Remarks
Limitation and Defence of Aesthetics
Refutation of Objections
Scientific Ways of Treating Beauty and Art
Concept of the Beauty of Art
Common Ideas of Art
(i) The Work of Art as a Product of Human Activity
(ii) The Work of Art, as being for Apprehension by Man’s Senses, is drawn from the Sensuous Sphere
(iii) The Aim of Art


Week 5. Modernity and modernism | July 19, 2020

• Heinrich Heineexcerpts from Salon of 1831 (1831)
• Heineexcerpts from Salon of 1843(1843)
Baudelaire on the modern / modernity / modernism chart of terms [PNG]
• Charles Baudelaireexcerpts from Paris Spleen (1867)
• Baudelaireexcerpts from Salon of 1846 (1846)
• Baudelaireexcerpts from The Painter of Modern Life (1863)


Week 6. Art as justification for life? | July 26, 2020

• Friedrich NietzscheThe Birth of Tragedy (1872, including 1886 "Attempt at self-criticism")
Schiller on aesthetic education (and Nietzsche on art) chart of terms [PNG]


Week 7. Art and revolution | August 2, 2020

“[A] protest against reality, either conscious or unconscious, active or passive, optimistic or pessimistic, always forms part of a really creative piece of work. Every new tendency in art has begun with rebellion.”
— Trotsky, “Art and politics in our epoch” (1938)

• Walter Benjamin"On the mimetic faculty" (1934)
• Cutrone"Trotsky, Benjamin, Adorno and Greenberg's critique of 'revolutionary art' " (2020) [PDF]
• Leon Trotsky"Art and politics in our epoch" (1938)
• Clement Greenberg"Avant-garde and kitsch" (1939)


Week 8. Revolutionary art? | August 9, 2020

• Walter Benjamin"Experience and poverty" (1934)
• Benjamin"The author as producer" (1934)
• Jürgen Habermas"Modernity: an incomplete project" (1981)


Week 9. Art and capitalism | August 16, 2020

• Benjamin"The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction" (1936)
• Theodor Adorno, letter to Benjamin (1936)
+ Siegfried Kracauer, "Photography" (1927)
+ Benjamin, "Little history of photography" (1931)


Week 10. Art's necessity and impossibility | August 23, 2020

• Adorno"Those Twenties" (1962)
• Adorno"Art's self-evidence lost" and "Society"Aesthetic Theory (1970)
• Stewart Martin“Critique of relational aesthetics” (2007)
• Stewart Martin“The absolute artwork meets the absolute commodity” (2007)

"How well Kautsky wrote [when he was still a Marxist]!"
— Lenin, "Left-Wing" Communism — An Infantile Disorder (1920)

required / + recommended readings

Recommended background reading:
+ Vernon Lidtke, The Outlawed Party: SPD 1878–1890 (1966)
+ Lidtke, The Alternative Culture: Socialist Labor in Imperial Germany (1985)
+ Carl Schorske, The SPD 1905-17: The Development of the Great Schism (1955)
+ James Joll, The Second International 1889–1914 (1966)

Preliminary readings:

• Monty Johnstone, “Marx and Engels and the concept of the party” (1967)
• J. P. Nettl, “The German Social Democratic Party 1890–1914 as a Political Model” (1965)
Spartacist League, "Kautskyism and the origins of Russian Social Democracy," Ch. 1, Lenin and the Vanguard Party (1978)


Week 1 | June 6

+ Karl Korsch, "The Marxism of the First International" (1924)
• Karl Marx, Inaugural address to the First International (1864)
• Ferdinand Lassalle, Open letter to the German workers’ movement (1863)


Week 2 | June 13

• Mikhail Bakunin, A Critique of the German Social-Democratic Program (1870)
Bakunin, Marxism, Freedom and the State (1872)
+ Marx, Conspectus of Bakunin's Statism and Anarchy (1874)
Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme (1875)
Marx, Programme of the Parti Ouvrier (1880)


Week 3 | June 20

• Karl Kautsky, The Class Struggle (1892)
+ Eugene Debs, "How I became a socialist" (1902)
+ Debs, "Competition versus Cooperation" (1900)
+ Hellen Keller, "How I became a socialist" (1912)


Week 4 | June 27

Kautsky, The Social Revolution (1902)


Week 5 | July 11

Kautsky, The Road to Power (1909)


Week 6 | July 18

• Vladimir Lenin, The Proletarian Revolution and the Renegade Kautsky (1918)
+ Debs, “The Day of the People” (1919)
+ Kautsky, The Dictatorship of the Proletariat (1918)


Week 7 | July 25

Manifesto of the Communist International to the Workers of the World
The Organisational Structure of the Communist Parties, the Methods and Content of Their Work: Theses
The 21 Conditions of Admission into the Communist International [HTML]

Saturday 28 March - Saturday 6 June, 2020

Time: Mar 28, 2020 11:00 AM EST / 04:00 PM CET (BERLIN)

Time, thereafter: 11:00 AM EST / 05:00 PM CET (BERLIN)

Location: ZOOM

Contact Laurie Rojas <laurie.rojas[at]gmail.com> if interested in joining.

Art and politics

required / + recommended reading


Week 1. Art and politics after postmodernism | March 28, 2020

“[Artists'] work is to sustain the critical moment of aesthetic experience. [Critics' work] is to recognize it.”
-- Susan Buck-Morss, response to Visual culture questionnaire (1996)

• Susan Buck-Morss, response to Visual culture questionnaire (1996)
• Robert Pippin, "On Critical Theory" (2004)
+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms [PNG]
• Chris Cutrone, "The relevance of Critical Theory to art today" (2011)
Cutrone, "An incomplete project? Art and politics after postmodernism" (2010)


No meeting on April 4, 2020 (Platypus International Convention)


Week 2. The meaning of art | April 11, 2020

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms [PNG]
+ Kant's 3 Critiques [PNG] and philosophy [PNG] charts of terms
• Immanuel Kant, Preface and Introduction, Critique of Judgment (1790) [full book PDF]


Week 3. Art and humanity | April 18, 2020

+ Schiller on aesthetic education (and Nietzsche on art) chart of terms [PNG]
• Friedrich Schiller, Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man (1794)


Week 4. Modern aesthetics of art | April 25, 2020

• G.W.F. Hegel, Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics (Introduction): [PDF]
1 Prefatory Remarks
2 Limitation and Defence of Aesthetics
3 Refutation of Objections
4 Scientific Ways of Treating Beauty and Art
5 Concept of the Beauty of Art
6 Common Ideas of Art
(i) The Work of Art as a Product of Human Activity
(ii) The Work of Art, as being for Apprehension by Man’s Senses, is drawn from the Sensuous Sphere
(iii) The Aim of Art


Week 5. Modernity and modernism | May 2, 2020

• Heinrich Heine, excerpts from Salon of 1831 (1831)
Heine, excerpts from Salon of 1843 (1843)
+ Baudelaire on the modern / modernity / modernism chart of terms [PNG]
• Charles Baudelaire, excerpts from Paris Spleen (1867)
Baudelaire, excerpts from Salon of 1846 (1846)
Baudelaire, excerpts from The Painter of Modern Life (1863)


Week 6. Art as justification for life? | May 9, 2020

• Friedrich Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy (1872, including 1886 "Attempt at self-criticism")
+ Schiller on aesthetic education (and Nietzsche on art) chart of terms [PNG]


Week 7. Art and revolution | May 16, 2020

“[A] protest against reality, either conscious or unconscious, active or passive, optimistic or pessimistic, always forms part of a really creative piece of work. Every new tendency in art has begun with rebellion.”
— Trotsky, “Art and politics in our epoch” (1938)

• Walter Benjamin, "On the mimetic faculty" (1934)
Cutrone, "Trotsky, Benjamin, Adorno and Greenberg's critique of 'revolutionary art' " (2020) [PDF]
• Leon Trotsky, "Art and politics in our epoch" (1938)
• Clement Greenberg, "Avant-garde and kitsch" (1939)


Week 8. Revolutionary art? | May 23, 2020

• Walter Benjamin, "Experience and poverty" (1934)
Benjamin, "The author as producer" (1934)
• Jürgen Habermas, "Modernity: an incomplete project" (1981)


Week 9. Art and capitalism | May 30, 2020

Benjamin, "The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction" (1936)
• Theodor Adorno, letter to Benjamin (1936)
+ Siegfried Kracauer, "Photography" (1927)
+ Benjamin, "Little history of photography" (1931)


Week 10. Art's necessity and impossibility | June 6, 2020

Adorno, "Those Twenties" (1962)
Adorno, "Art's self-evidence lost" and "Society", Aesthetic Theory (1970)
• Stewart Martin, “Critique of relational aesthetics” (2007)
• Stewart Martin, “The absolute artwork meets the absolute commodity” (2007)

Durch die Lektüre von bedeutenden Texten der Hochphase des Marxismus in der Zweiten Internationale und ihrer Krise im 20. Jahrhundert betrachten wir das Problem des Bewusstseins dieser Geschichte und ihrer politischen Implikationen für die Gegenwart. Die Textauswahl beinhaltet Schriften von Luxemburg, Lenin und Trotzki, die philosophische Reflexion des Marxismus von Lukács und Korsch und ihre Auswirkungen auf die Kritische Theorie von Benjamin, Horkheimer und Adorno.

Wöchentlich
Mittwochs, 18:30–21:30
ab 04. März 2020

Cafe C.I. - Club International
Payergasse 14, 1160 Wien

Die Texte werden zu Hause gelesen und beim Lesekreis besprochen. Kein Vorwissen ist nötig. Neueinsteigende sind ausdrücklich erwünscht.

Mailingliste: https://groups.google.com/d/forum/platypus-wien/join

Facebook-Gruppe: Platypus Österreich/Austria

Facebook-Seite: Platypus Wien

Leseliste

  • vorausgesetzte / + empfohlene Texte

04.03.2020 | Woche 10. Revolutionäre Führung

11.03.2020 | Woche 11. Reform oder Revolution

+ Eugene V. Debs, “Competition vs. Cooperation” (1900)

18.03.2020 | Woche 12. Lenin und die Avantgardepartei 

+ Richard Appignanesi and Oscar Zarate / A&Z, Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution/ Lenin for Beginners (1977)

25.03.2020 | Woche 13. Was tun?

+ Richard Appignanesi and Oscar Zarate / A&Z, Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution/ Lenin for Beginners (1977)

01.04.2020 | Woche 14. Massenstreik und Sozialdemokratie

22.04.2020 | Woche 15. Permanente Revolution

+ Tariq Ali and Phil Evans, Introducing Trotsky and Marxism / Trotsky for Beginners (1980)

29.04.2020 | Woche 16. Staat und Revolution

06.05.2020 | Woche 17. Imperialismus

+ W.I. Lenin, „Sozialismus und Krieg“ (1915)

13.05.2020 | Woche 18. Scheitern der Revolution

+ Rosa Luxemburg, „Die Sozialisierung der Gesellschaft“ (1918)

+ Rosa Luxemburg, „Die russische Tragödie“ (1918)

+ Rosa Luxemburg, „Die Ordnung herrscht in Berlin“ (1919)

+ Sebastian Haffner, „Die deutsche Revolution 1918/19“ (1968)

+ Eugene V. Debs, “The Day of the People” (1900)

20.05.2020 | Woche 19. Rückzug nach der Revolution 

+ W.I. Lenin, „Notizen eines Publizisten“ (1922/24)

27.05.2020 | Woche 20. Dialektik der Verdinglichung

  • György Lukács, „Der Standpunkt des Proletariats“ (= Teil III. des Kapitels „Die Verdinglichung und das Bewußtsein des Proletariats“) In: Geschichte und Klassenbewusstsein (1923)

Reification chart of terms 

Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms

Commodity form chart of terms

Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

03.06.2020 | Woche 21. Die Lehren des Oktobers

10.06.2020 | Woche 22. Trotzkismus

+ Leo Trotzki, „Die Gewerkschaften in der Epoche des imperialistischen Niedergangs“ (1940)

+ Leo Trotzki, „Brief an James P. Cannon“ (1939)

+ Leo Trotzki, “To Build Communist Parties and an Interational Anew” (1933)

+ Leo Trotzki, „Wenn Amerika kommunistisch würde“ (1934)

17.06.2020 | Woche 23. Der autoritäre Staat

 + Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

24.06.2020 | Woche 24. Über den Begriff der Geschichte 

+ Charles Baudelaire, „Fusées“ (1867)

+ Bertolt Brecht, „An die Nachgeborenen“ (1939)

+ Walter Benjamin, „Erfahrung und Armut“ (1933)

+ Walter Benjamin, „Theologisch-politisches Fragment“ (1921/39?)

+ Walter Benjamin, „Zum Planetarium“ (aus: Einbahnstraße, 1928)

+ Walter Benjamin, „Feuermelder“ (aus: Einbahnstraße, 1928)

Benjamin on history chart of terms

Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) chart of terms

01.07.2020 | Woche 25. Reflexionen über den Marxismus

+ Theodor Adorno, „Zueignung“, „Vor Mißbrauch wird gewarnt“ und „Vermächtnis“, aus Minima Moralia (1944-47)

+ Max Horkheimer und Theodor Adorno, Diskussion über Theorie und Praxis (1956)

Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms

08.07.2020 | Woche 26. Theorie und Praxis

+ Theodor Adorno, „Zu Subjekt und Objekt“ (1969)

Commodity form chart of terms
Reification chart of terms
Capitalist contradiction chart of terms
Adorno’s critique of actionism chart of terms

+ Theodor Adorno, „Spätkapitalismus oder Industriegesellschaft?“ (1968) [Audio] [Text]

+ Theodor Adorno und Herbert Marcuse, “Correspondence on the German New Left” (1969)

+ Esther Leslie, “Introduction to the 1969 Adorno-Marcuse correspondence” (1999)

Der Spiegel, Interview mit T. W. Adorno: „Keine Angst vor dem Elfenbeinturm“ (1969)

Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms

Einheiten zur Neuen Linken (Fortsetzung der Buchstaben-Wochen des Wintersemesters 2019/20)

15.07.2020 | Woche H. 1960s New Left I: Neo-Marxismus

Commodity form chart of terms

Capitalist contradiction chart of terms 

Organic composition of capital chart of terms

+ Moishe Postone, “Interview: Marx after Marxism” (2008)

+ Moishe Postone, “History and Helplessness: Mass Mobilization and Contemporary Forms of Anticapitalism” (2006)

+ Moishe Postone, “Theorizing the Contemporary World: Robert Brenner, Giovanni Arrighi, David Harvey” (2006)

22.07.2020 | Woche I. 1960s New Left II: Gender und Sexualität 

„Die Lage der Frau unterscheidet sich von der jeder anderen gesellschaftlichen Gruppe, weil sie nicht eine von mehreren abgrenzbaren sozialen Gruppen Größen sind, sondern die Hälfte eines Ganzen: der Menschengattung. Frauen sind unabdingbar und unersetzlich; deshalb lassen sie sich auch nicht in derselben Weise ausbeuten wie andere Gruppen. Für die condition humaine sind sie zwar grundlegend, in ihren wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und politischen Rollen hingegen marginal. Gerade dieser Zusammenhang: gleichzeitig grundlegend und marginal zu sein, hat sich für sie als verhängnisvoll erwiesen.“

Juliet Mitchell, „Frauen – die längste Revolution“ (1966)

Capitalist contradiction chart of terms

29.07.2020 | Woche J. 1960s New Left III: Anti-black racism in the U.S.

“As a social party we receive the Negro and all other races upon absolutely equal terms. We are the party of the working class, the whole working class, and we will not suffer ourselves to be divided by any specious appeal to race prejudice; and if we should be coaxed or driven from the straight road we will be lost in the wilderness and ought to perish there, for we shall no longer be a Socialist party.”

Eugene Debs, “The Negro in the class struggle” (1903)

+ Eugene Debs, “The Negro in the class struggle” (1903)

+ Eugene Debs, “The Negro and his nemesis” (1904)

+ Spartacist League, “Black and red: Class struggle road to Negro freedom” (1966)

+ Bayard Rustin, “The failure of black separatism” (1970) 

+ Adolph Reed, “Paths to Critical Theory” (1984)

Capitalist contradiction chart of terms

05.08.2020 | Woche K. Vorläufer der Frankfurter Schule

Siegfried Kracauer, “Photography” (1927)

Capitalist contradiction chart of terms