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Die historischen Wurzeln der Linken und des Marxismus liegen in den bürgerlichen Revolutionen des 17. und 18. Jahrunderts und deren Krise im 19. Jahrhundert. Mit diesem Lesekreis wollen wir versuchen, jenen geschichtlichen Hintergrund durch Lektüre der Texte von Marx und der radikalen bürgerlichen Philosophie der Aufklärung, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel sowie Nietzsche, herauszuarbeiten.
Im 20. Jahrhundert bemühten die Theoretiker der Frankfurter Schule, Marx und das politische Bewusstsein des Marxismus, kraft kritischer Reflexion, in seiner Relevanz lebendig zu erhalten . Durch Texte von Autoren wie Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Georg Lukács, Karl Korsch und Leszek Kołakowski, soll versucht werden, das Problem des politischen Bewusstseins der Linken im 20. Jahrhundert, das bis heute prägend bleibt, in seinem historischen Kontext zu beleuchten.

Erste Sitzung: 10. Feb
Location:
Room 1.406
Universitätsgebäude am Hegelplatz  
Dorotheenstraße 24, 10117 Berlin


Woche/Week 1: 10.02.2016

• James Miller On Jean-Jacques Rousseau [ENG]
Louis Menand (über Edmund Wilson) Meaning in History [ENG]
Chris 
Cutrone“Capital in history” (2008) [ENG] [DEU]
Chris 
Cutrone, “The Marxist hypothesis” (2010) [ENG]



Woche/Week 2: 17.02.2016

• Friedrich Nietzsche, On the Use and Abuse of History for Life (1874) [ENG] [DEU]



Woche/Week 3: 22.02.2016

• Immanuel Kant, "Idea for a universal history from a cosmopolitan point of view"  (1784) [ENG] [DEU]
• Immanuel Kant"What is Enlightenment?" (1784) [ENG] [DEU]
• Benjamin Constant,  "The liberty of the ancients compared with that of the moderns" (1819) [ENG] [DEU]


Woche/Week 4: 29.02.2016

• Max Horkheimer, Selections from Dämmerung (1926–31) [ENG] [DEU]
Theodor 
Adorno, “Imaginative Excesses” (1944–47)  [ENG] [DEU] (“Ausschweifung” GS4:297-300, Anhang in Minima Moralia, letzter Abschnitt)


 Woche/Week 5: 07.03.2016

• Leszek Kolakowski, “The concept of the Left” (1968) [ENG] [DEU]
Karl 
Marx, To make the world philosophical (1839–41)  [ENG] [DEU] (MEW 40, S. 325 - 331)
Karl 
Marx, For the ruthless criticism of everything existing (Letter to Arnold Ruge, September 1843) [ENG] [DEU]


Woche/Week 6: 14.03.2016

Karl Marx, Selections from Economic and philosophic manuscripts  (1844) [ENG] [DEU] (Auszüge aus Ökonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte  Die entfremdete Arbeit;Privateigentum und KommunismusBedürfnis, Produktion und Arbeitsteilung (bis |XXI||, MEW 40:556 [exclusiv ||XXXIV|| Die Grundrente])
Karl 
Marx and Friedrich Engels, selections from the Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848) [ENG] [DEU]


Woche/Week 7: 21.03.2014
Was ist Marxismus? II: Die Revolution von 1848

• Friedrich Engels, The tactics of social democracy [ENG] [DEU] (1895)
Karl Marx, selections from The Class Struggles in France 1848–50 [ENG] [DEU] (1850) (nur Teil I, der verlinkt ist)
Karl 
Marx, selections from The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte  [ENG] [DEU]  (1852) [Teil I und VII]


Woche/Week 8: 04.04.2016

Karl Marx, Inaugural address to the First International  [ENG] [DEU] (1864)
• Karl Marx, selections from The Civil War in France  [ENG] [DEU] [Teil III und IV] (1871, including Engels's 1891 Introduction [ENG] [DEU] )
• Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme [ENG] [DEU], pp. 525–541 (1875)


Woche/Wee 9: 11.04.2016

• Karl Marx selections from the Grundrisse (1857–61), pp. 222–226, 236–244, 247–250, 276–293  [ENG] [DEU] (1857–61) [MEW Bd. 13, S.615-641]
• Karl MarxCapital Vol. I, Ch. 1 Sec. 4 "The fetishism of commodities"  [ENG] [DEU] (1867) [MEW Bd. 23, S.85-98]


Woche/Week 10: 19.04.2016

• Georg Lukács, “The phenomenon of reification” (Part I of “Reification and the consciousness of the proletariat,” History and Class Consciousness, 1923) [ENG] [DEU] 


Woche/Week 11: 25.04.2016
Was ist Marxismus? VI: Klassenbewusstsein

 Georg Lukács, Original Preface (1922), [ENG] [DEU]
 Georg Lukács, “What is Orthodox Marxism?” (1919) [ENG] [DEU]

 Georg Lukács, “Class Consciousness” (1920) [ENG] [DEU] 


Woche/Week 12: 02.05.2016
Marxismus und Philosophie

• Karl Korsch “Marxism and philosophy” (1923) [ENG] [DEU] [in der verlinkten Ausgabe S.84-160]

 

Rousseau-Smith-Kant-Hegel-Nietzsche

We will address the greater context for Marx and Marxism through the issue of bourgeois radicalism in philosophy in the 18th and 19th Centuries. Discussion will emerge by working through the development from Kant and Hegel to Nietzsche, but also by reference to the Rousseauian aftermath, and the emergence of the modern society of capital, as registered by liberals such as Adam Smith and Benjamin Constant.

The principle of freedom and its corollary, “perfectibility,” . . . suggest that the possibilities for being human are both multiple and, literally, endless. . . . Contemporaries like Kant well understood the novelty and radical implications of Rousseau’s new principle of freedom [and] appreciated his unusual stress on history as the site where the true nature of our species is simultaneously realized and perverted, revealed and distorted. A new way of thinking about the human condition had appeared. . . . As Hegel put it, “The principle of freedom dawned on the world in Rousseau, and gave infinite strength to man, who thus apprehended himself as infinite.”
– James Miller (author of The Passion of Michel Foucault, 2000), Introduction to Rousseau,Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (Hackett, 1992)

Recommended background reading:

+ Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 17891848 [PDF]

Location:
Wednesdays 6:30 pm
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Center Room 3C*
Geschwister-Scholl-Straße 1/3
10117 Berlin

*Please note that you cannot bring a non-clear bag into the library.  We will be meeting at 6:30 in-front of the library if anyone needs to use the lockers with a lock to store their bags


Schedule

Week 1: June 10

Max Horkheimer, “The little man and the philosophy of freedom” (pp. 50–52 from selections from Dämmerung,1926–31) [ENG] [DEU]

Cutrone"The Marxist hypothesis" (2010) [ENG]

• Louis Menand (on Marx and Engels) [ENG]

 Karl Marx, on "becoming" (from the Grundrisse, 1857–58) [ENG] [DEU]

Chris Cutrone"Capital in history" (2008) [ENG] [DEU]

Capital in history timeline and chart of terms
video of Communist University 2011 London presentation
+ Robert Pippin, “On Critical Theory” [HTML Critical Inquiry 2003]


Week 2: June 17

• Jean-Jacques RousseauDiscourse on the Origin of Inequality PDFs of preferred translation (5 parts): [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

• Rousseau, from On the Social Contract [ENG] [DEU] (Book I Sec 5-9, Book II Chap 1-4)


Week 3: June 24

 Adam Smith, selections from The Wealth of Nations

Volume I [PDF]
Introduction and Plan of the Work
Book I: Of the Causes of Improvement…
I.1. Of the Division of Labor
I.2. Of the Principle which gives Occasion to the Division of Labour
I.3. That the Division of Labour is Limited by the Extent of the Market
I.4. Of the Origin and Use of Money
I.6. Of the Component Parts of the Price of Commodities
I.7. Of the Natural and Market Price of Commodities
I.8. Of the Wages of Labour
I.9. Of the Profits of Stock
Book III: Of the different Progress of Opulence in different Nations
III.1.
 Of the Natural Progress of Opulence
III.2. Of the Discouragement of Agriculture in the Ancient State of Europe after the Fall of the Roman Empire
III.3. Of the Rise and Progress of Cities and Towns, after the Fall of the Roman Empire
III.4. How the Commerce of the Towns Contributed to the Improvement of the Country


Week 4: July 1

Smith, selections from The Wealth of Nations

Volume II [PDF]
IV.7. Of Colonies
Book V: Of the Revenue of the Sovereign or Commonwealth
V.1. Of the Expences of the Sovereign or Commonwealth


Week 5: July 8

• Immanuel Kant, “Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View“ [ENG] [DEU]

Kant, “What is Enlightenment? ” [ENG] [DEU]

• 
Benjamin Constant, “The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns” [ENG] [DEU]


Week 6: July 15

G.W.F. HegelIntroduction to the Philosophy of History [HTML] [PDF pp. 14–96 (96–128)] [ENG] [DEU]


Week 7: July 22

Audio: Richard Strauss, “Der Held” ["The Hero"], Ein Heldenleben [A Hero's Life] (1898)
• Friedrich NietzscheThe Use and Abuse of History for Life [translator's introduction by Peter Preuss] [ENG] [DEU]
Nietzsche, selection from On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense [ENG] [DEU]


Week 8: July 29

+ Human, All Too Human: Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil (1999)

Nietzsche, On the Genealogy of Morals: A Polemic [ENG] [DEU]

Wednesdays 7pm
Pure Origins
Georgenstraße 193
Berlin

check Facebook event for details

 

Week 1 (14 Jan 2015)

 

Week 2 (21 Jan 2015)

 

Week 3 (28 Jan 2015)

 

Week 4 (4 Feb 2015)

 

Week 5 (11 Feb 2015)

 

Week 6 (18 Feb 2015)

 

Week 7 (25 Feb 2015)

 

Week 8 (4 March 2015)

 

Week 9 (11 March 2015)

 

Week 10 (18 March 2015)

imme Jeden Mittwoch 18-19 Uhr im Cafe "Pure Origins" Georgenstraße 193 10117 Berlin.

Platypus Coffee Breaks bieten eine hervorragende Gelegenheit Freunde, Unterstützer und Mitglieder von Platypus zu treffen. In einer offenen und geselligen Atmosphäre wollen wir uns über neuere Artikel der Platypus Review (PR) austauschen, der Geschichte und momentanen Lage der internationalen Linken auf den Grund gehen, die Arbeit der Gruppe in den USA, Canada und Großbritannien thematisieren oder einfach nur nett miteinander plaudern.

Jeden Mittwoch, 16 Uhr (SoSe 2012)

Cafe KOZ, Campus Bockenheim