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You are here: Platypus /Archive for category 2018

Στο τεύχος 113 του περιοδικού Ουτοπία δημοσιεύτηκε ο παρακάτω διάλογος μεταξύ του Θοδωρή Βελισσάρη και του Πέτρου Πέτκα με αφορμή το βιβλίο του τελευταίου “Δικτατορία του προλεταριάτου και Εργατικά συμβούλια: Ασύμβατες έννοιες!”. Αναδημοσιεύουμε τον διάλογο κι ένα επιπλέον σχόλιο.

Η επανάσταση ως σύμπτωμα του κεφαλαίου, Θοδωρής Βελισσάρης

Θοδωρής Βελισσάρης- 8/12/2014

Το βιβλίο «“Δικτατορία του Προλεταριάτου” και “Εργατικά Συμβούλια”: Ασύμβατες έννοιες!» αποτελεί χρήσιμη συνεισφορά στο πρόβλημα της κοινωνικής χειραφέτησης και της σχέσης, ιστορικά, της εργατικής τάξης με τις πολιτικές οργανώσεις και τη δημοκρατία εν γένει. Χρήσιμη γιατί, αφενός, αποτελεί ευσύνοπτη περίληψη των επιχειρημάτων μίας πλευράς, αυτής που θα μπορούσαμε να χαρακτηρίσουμε “αντιλενινιστική”. Αφετέρου, επειδή συζητά τα ζητήματα αυτά, όχι με ακαδημαϊκή πρόθεση, αλλά με στόχευση στην ανασυγκρότηση μίας σύγχρονης επαναστατικής πολιτικής.

Η παραπάνω επισήμανση δεν σημαίνει ότι [ . . . ]

«ΝΙΚΗΦΟΡΑ» ΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΗ ΚΑΙ ΗΘΙΚΗ…ΠΑΝΩΛΕΘΡΙΑ!

Πέτρος Πέτκας- 24/5/2015

Στην δημοσιευόμενη, πιο πάνω, κριτική του Θοδωρή Βελισσάρη (στο εξής Θ.Β), όπως και στο βιβλίο μας, γίνονται συχνές αναφορές σε προγενέστερες ιστορικές περιόδους όπως στην Μεγάλη Γαλλική Επανάσταση, στην Παρισινή Κομμούνα του 1871 και στην Οκτωβριανή Επανάσταση του 1917. Όσον αφορά, τουλάχιστον το βιβλίο μας, δεν πρόκειται για ιστορική μελέτη αλλά για μερικές σκέψεις που εδράζονται πάνω σε ιστορικά [ . . . ]

Δημοκρατία και ελευθερία: συνεχίζοντας τη συζήτηση

Θοδωρής Βελισσάρης

Θα ήθελα να ευχαριστήσω τον Πέτρο Πέτκα (Π.Π.) για την απάντησή του στη βιβλιοκριτική μου. Μερικές επισημάνσεις εκ μέρους μου:

α) Δυστυχώς δεν σχολιάστηκαν καθόλου τα βασικά σημεία της κριτικής μου, κι ας τους είχα δώσει ιδιαίτερη έμφαση, χρησιμοποιώντας με την πρόθεση αυτή ακόμα και [ . . . ]

brodsky_leninsmolnypalace


II. Introduction to revolutionary Marxism


required / + recommended reading


Marx and Engels readings pp. from Robert C. Tucker, ed., Marx-Engels Reader (Norton 2nd ed., 1978)


Recommended winter break preliminary readings:

+ Leszek Kolakowski, “The concept of the Left” (1968)
+ Richard Appignanesi and Oscar Zarate / A&Z, Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution / Lenin for Beginners (1977)
+ Sebastian Haffner, Failure of a Revolution: Germany 1918–19 (1968)
+ Tariq Ali and Phil Evans, Introducing Trotsky and Marxism / Trotsky for Beginners (1980)
+ James Joll, The Second International 1889–1914 (1966)
+ Edmund Wilson, To the Finland Station: A Study in the Writing and Acting of History (1940), Part II. Ch. (1–4,) 5–10, 12–16; Part III. Ch. 1–6


Film screenings: January 2018

37 Days (2014) [Episode 1] [Episode 2] [Episode 3]
Fall of Eagles (1974) episodes: "Absolute Beginners," "The Secret War," and "End Game"
Rosa Luxemburg (1986)
• Oliver Stone's Untold History of the United States (2012) Episodes A (1900-20) and B (1920-40)
Reds (1981)


Winter 2018

I. What is the "Left?" -- What is "Marxism?"

Week 10. What is Marxism? V. Reification | Jan. 6, 2018

• Georg Lukács, “The phenomenon of reification” (Part I of “Reification and the consciousness of the proletariat,” History and Class Consciousness, 1923)

+ Commodity form chart of terms

+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms


Week 11. What is Marxism? VI. Class consciousness | Jan. 13, 2018

Lukács, Original Preface (1922), “What is Orthodox Marxism?” (1919), “Class Consciousness” (1920), History and Class Consciousness (1923)
+ Marx, Preface to the First German Edition and Afterword to the Second German Edition (1873) of Capital (1867), pp. 294–298, 299–302


Week 12. What is Marxism? VII. Ends of philosophy | Jan. 20, 2018

Korsch, “Marxism and philosophy” (1923)
+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms
+ Marx, To make the world philosophical (from Marx's dissertation, 1839–41), pp. 9–11
+ Marx, For the ruthless criticism of everything existing (letter to Arnold Ruge, September 1843), pp. 12–15
+ Marx, "Theses on Feuerbach" (1845), pp. 143–145


Winter–Spring 2018

II. Introduction to revolutionary Marxism

Week 13. Revolutionary leadership | Jan. 27, 2018

• Rosa Luxemburg, “The Crisis of German Social Democracy” Part 1 (1915)
• J. P. Nettl, “The German Social Democratic Party 1890–1914 as a Political Model” (1965)
• Cliff Slaughter, “What is Revolutionary Leadership?” (1960)


Week 14. Reform or revolution? | Feb. 3, 2018

Luxemburg, Reform or Revolution? (1900/08)
+ Eugene Debs, "Competition versus Cooperation" (1900)


Week 15. Lenin and the vanguard party | Feb. 10, 2018

Spartacist League, Lenin and the Vanguard Party (1978)


Week 16. What is to be done? | Feb. 17, 2018

• V. I. Lenin, What is to be Done? (1902)
+ Richard Appignanesi and Oscar Zarate / A&Z, Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution / Lenin for Beginners (1977)


Week 17. Mass strike and social democracy | Feb. 24, 2018

Luxemburg, The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions (1906)
+ Luxemburg, "Blanquism and Social Democracy" (1906)


Week 18. Permanent revolution | Mar. 3, 2018

• Leon Trotsky, Results and Prospects (1906)
+ Tariq Ali and Phil Evans, Introducing Trotsky and Marxism / Trotsky for Beginners (1980)


Week 19. State and revolution | Mar. 10, 2018

Lenin, The State and Revolution (1917)


Week 20. Imperialism | Mar. 17, 2018

Lenin, Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism (1916)
+ Lenin, Socialism and War Ch. 1 The principles of socialism and the War of 1914–15 (1915)


Week 21. Mar. 24, 2018 (spring break)


Week 22. Failure of the revolution | Mar. 31, 2018

Luxemburg, “What does the Spartacus League Want?” (1918)
Luxemburg, “On the Spartacus Programme” (1918)
+ Luxemburg, "German Bolshevism" (AKA "The Socialisation of Society") (1918)
+ Luxemburg, “The Russian Tragedy” (1918)
+ Luxemburg, “Order Reigns in Berlin” (1919)
+ Eugene Debs, “The Day of the People” (1919)
+ Sebastian Haffner, Failure of a Revolution: Germany 1918–19 (1968)


Week 23. Apr. 7, 2018 [Platypus international convention]


Week 24. Retreat after revolution | Apr. 14, 2018

Lenin, “Left-Wing” Communism: An Infantile Disorder (1920)
+ Lenin, "Notes of a Publicist" (1922)


Week 25. Dialectic of reification | Apr. 21, 2018

Lukács, “The Standpoint of the Proletariat” (Part III of “Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat,” 1923). Available in three sections from marxists.org: section 1 section 2 section 3
+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms
+ Commodity form chart of terms


Week 26. Lessons of October | Apr. 28, 2018

Trotsky, The Lessons of October (1924) [PDF]
Trotsky, "Stalinism and Bolshevism" (1937)


Week 27. Trotskyism | May 5, 2018

+ Trotsky, "To build communist parties and an international anew" (1933)
+ Trotsky, "If America should go communist" (1934)
Trotsky, The Death Agony of Capitalism and the Tasks of the Fourth International (1938)
+ Trotsky, "Trade unions in the epoch of imperialist decay" (1940)
+ Trotsky, Letter to James Cannon (September 12, 1939)


Week 28. The authoritarian state | May 12, 2018

• Friedrich Pollock, "State Capitalism: Its Possibilities and Limitations" (1941) (note 32 on USSR)
• Max Horkheimer, "The Authoritarian State" (1942)


Week 29. On the concept of history | May 19, 2018

• epigraphs by Louis Menand (on Edmund Wilson) and Peter Preuss (on Nietzsche) on the modern concept of history
+ Charles Baudelaire, from Fusées [Rockets] (1867)
+ Bertolt Brecht, "To posterity" (1939)
+ Walter Benjamin, "To the planetarium" (from One-Way Street, 1928)
+ Benjamin, "Fire alarm" (from One-Way Street, 1928)
[JPG] [PDF]
+ Benjamin, "Experience and poverty" (1933)
+ Benjamin, Theologico-political fragment (1921/39?)
Benjamin, "On the Concept of History" (AKA "Theses on the Philosophy of History") (1940) [PDF]
Benjamin, Paralipomena to "On the Concept of History" (1940)
+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms


Week 30. Reflections on Marxism | May 26, 2018

• Theodor Adorno, “Reflections on Class Theory” (1942)
Adorno, “Imaginative Excesses” (1944–47)
+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms
+ Adorno, Dedication, "Bequest", "Warning: Not to be Misused" and "Finale", Minima Moralia (1944–47)
+ Horkheimer and Adorno, "Discussion about Theory and Praxis" (AKA "Towards a New Manifesto?") [Deutsch] (1956)


Week 31. Theory and practice | Jun. 2, 2018

+ Adorno, “On Subject and Object” (1969)
Adorno, “Marginalia to Theory and Praxis” (1969)
Adorno, “Resignation” (1969)
+ Being and becoming (freedom in transformation) / immanent dialectical critique chart of terms
+ Adorno, “Late Capitalism or Industrial Society?” (AKA “Is Marx Obsolete?”) (1968)
+ Esther Leslie, Introduction to the 1969 Adorno-Marcuse correspondence (1999)
+ Adorno and Herbert Marcuse, correspondence on the German New Left (1969)
+ Adorno, Interview with Der Spiegel magazine (1969)