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„Die Tradition aller toten Geschlechter lastet wie ein Alp auf dem Gehirne der
Lebenden“ (Karl Marx)
Am 23. April beginnt mit dem Sommersemester auch unser Lesekreis "Was ist revolutionärer Marxismus?". Der Lesekreis findet jeden Montag von 18:30 bis 21 Uhr am Campus Universität Leipzig Augustusplatz statt. Der Raum ist im Seminargebäude  S 103. Die gesamte Leseliste werdet ihr online finden. Die Texte werden im voraus gelesen und dann in der Sitzung diskutiert. Neueinsteiger/innen sind herzlich Willkommen. Vorkenntnisse werden keine benötigt.
Der Marxismus nach dem Tod von Marx und Engels erfährt mit dem rasanten Wachstum der Arbeiterbewegung und der Entstehung der zweiten Internationale den Charakter einer politischen Massenbewegung, die sich in alle Teile der Welt verbreitet. Wir möchten im ersten Teil des Seminars genauer betrachten, worin der berühmt-berüchtigte Marxismus der Arbeiterbewegung bestanden hat und welche Krise ihn vor dem Beginn des Ersten Weltkrieges erfasst hat und große Teile der Arbeiterbewegung in diesen stürzte. Der Kampf gegen diese “Krise des Marxismus” hat mit der Oktoberrevolution und der deutschen Arbeiterrevolution von 1918-19 einen welthistorischen Maßstab erreicht, der die Hoffnungen und Katastrophen des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts vorbereitete. Was war das Ziel der 1917 eingeleiteten internationalen Revolution und wie ist diese gescheitert? Welche politischen und ideologischen Konsequenzen hat dieses Scheitern und wie hängt es mit den verhängnisvollen Entwicklungen der 30er und 40er Jahre zusammen?
Um diese Fragen näher zu beleuchten, werden wir uns in der zweiten Hälfte des Semesters mit den Reflexionen dieser Entwicklungen beschäftigen, wie sie von zentralen Figuren der Frankfurter Schule entwickelt wurden. Mit Lukács, Benjamin, Horkheimer und Adorno werden wir die Spannung, Kontinuität und Differenz zu den Vertretern der klassischen Periode des Marxismus entwickeln und uns somit ein bedeutendes Instrumentarium zum Verständnis der gegenwärtigen Welt anzueignen suchen. Das problematische Verhältnis von Theorie und Praxis im Marxismus und seiner Entwicklung hat die Welt des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts entscheidend geprägt und hinterlässt ihre Narben bis in die Gegenwart. Mit der Erforschung dieses Verhältnisses möchten wir Aufschluss darüber erhalten, wie die Vergangenheit unsere eigene Imagination der Zukunft in Bann hält.

Literaturliste

  • vorausgesetzte / + empfohlene Texte

Woche 1, 23. Abril, Revolutionary Leadership

 


Woche 2, 30. Abril, 
Reform oder Revolution:

 


Woche 3, 7. Mai
, Lenin und die Avantgarde

 


Woche 4, 14. Mai, 
Was tun?

+ Richard Appignanesi und Oscar Zarate / A&Z, "Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution / Lenin for Beginners" (1977)


 

Woche 5: 21. Mai
 Massenstreik und Sozialdemokratie

 


Woche 6, 28. Mai
, Permanente Revolution

+ Tariq Ali and Phil Evans, "Introducing Trotsky and Marxism / Trotsky for Beginners" (1980)

Woche 7, 4. Juni, 
Staat und Revolution

 


Woche 8, 11. Juni
, Imperialismus


 

Woche 9, 18. Juni, 
Das Scheitern der Revolution

+ Luxemburg, "Die Sozialisierung der Gesellschaft" (1918)

+ Luxemburg, "Die Ordnung herrscht in Berlin" (1919)

+ Sebastian Haffner, "Die deutsche Revolution 1918/19" (1968)

 


Woche 10, 25. Juni, 
Rückzug nach der Revolution

+ Lenin, "Notizen eines Publizisten" (1922/24)

 


Woche 11, 2. Juli
, Dialektik der Verdinglichung

  • Lukács, “Der Standpunkt des Proletariats” (= Teil III. des Kapitels “Die Verdinglichung und das Bewußtsein des Proletariats”) In: Geschichte und Klassenbewusstsein (1923)

 


Woche 12, 9. Juli
, Lehren des Oktobers

+Trotzki, "Bolschewismus und Stalinismus" (1937)

 


Woche 13, 16. Juli
, Trotzkismus


 

Woche 14, 23. Juli
, Der Begriff der Geschichte

+ Bertolt Brecht, "An die Nachgeborenen" (1939)

+ Benjamin, "Erfahrung und Armut" (1933)

+ Benjamin, "Theologisch-politisches Fragment" (1921/39?)

+ Benjamin, "Zum Planetarium" (aus: Einbahnstraße, 1928)

 


Woche 15, 30. Juli, Reflexionen auf den Marxismus

+ Adorno, Adorno, "Zueignung", "Vor Mißbrauch wird gewarnt" und "Zum Ende", aus Minima Moralia (1944-47)

+ Horkheimer und Adorno, Diskussion über Theorie und Praxis (1956)

 


Woche 16. 6. August
, Theorie und Praxis:

+ Adorno, "Zu Subjekt und Objekt" (1969)

+ Adorno, "Spätkapitalismus oder Industriegesellschaft?" (1968) [Audio] [Text]

+ Adorno und Marcuse, "Correspondence on the German New Left" (1969)

+ Esther Leslie, "Introduction to the 1969 Adorno-Marcuse correspondence" (1999)

This year marks the 50th anniversary of May 68. As such, we would like to invite you to participate in the 12-week reading group covering the New Left.

The same amount of time has passed between our moment and 1968 as between the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the events 1968. Ushered in by a New Left that sought to distinguish itself from the Old Left that emerged in the 20s and 30s, the monumental events of 1968 set the tone for everything from protest politics to academic leftism that we know today. We can perhaps feel the urgency of the question: what lessons are to be drawn from the New Left as another generation undertakes the project of building a Left for the 21st century?

 

Starting Feb 20th, 2018

Tuesdays 7–10pm

Zossener Str. 56, 10961 Berlin 

(Eingang A. 4. Stock. Buzzer: Zizoo)

Call 017680637663 if you cant find us!

Facebook event and discussion here.


 

General recommended background readings:

 

Week 1: Feb 20th
Introducing the New Left
New forms of discontent?

"It is with [the] problem of agency in mind that I have been studying the intellectuals. . . . [I]f we try to be realistic in our utopianism — not fruitless contradiction — a writer on the Left today must begin there. For that is what we are, that is where we stand." (Mills 1960)

"The concept of the Left remains unclear to this day." (Kolakowski 1968)


 

Week 2: Feb 27th
Theory and Practice I
Frankfurt School and the New Left: the 1930s and the '60s

"In socialism, freedom is to become a reality. But because the present system is called 'free' and considered liberal, it is not terribly clear what this might mean. . . . Not only [the Little Man's] lack of freedom but that of [his betters] as well spells his doom. His interest lies in the Marxist clarification of the concept of freedom. . . . The socialist order of society is not prevented by world history; it is historically possible. But it will not be realized by a logic that is immanent to history but by men trained in theory and determined to make things better. Otherwise, it will not be realized at all."
(Horkheimer 1926-31)

"Praxis appears necessarily as a blind spot, as an obsession with what is being criticized. . . . This admixture of delusion, however, warns of the excesses in which it incessantly grows." (Adorno 1969)

Recommended background reading:


 

Week 3: March 6th
Theory and Practice II

Adorno-Marcuse correspondence


 

Week 4: March 13th
Crisis on the Left: is revolution justified by history?

"For, after all, are we not always in exceptional situations? The failure of the [1848 revolution in France and the] 1849 revolution in Germany [were] exception[s], the failure in Paris in 1871 was an exception, the German Social-Democratic failure of the beginning of the 20th Century in producing the chauvinism of 1914 was an exception, the success of 1917 was an exception — exceptions, but with respect to what? Nothing but the abstract idea, which is nonetheless comforting and reassuring, of a pure, simple, dialectical schema, which in its very simplicity seems to have retained the memory (or rediscovered the allure) of the Hegelian model and its faith in the resolving power of the abstract contradiction as such: particularly the beautiful contradiction between Capital and Labor." (Althusser 1962)

 

Supplemental Reading:


 

Week 5: March 20th
"What is revolutionary leadership?"

"The historical crisis of mankind is reduced to the crisis of revolutionary leadership."
(Leon Trotsky 1938)

" 'Revisionism' is the view that every new development requires the abandonment in
practice of basic aspects of previously held theory. Ultimately this drift from the dialectical
materialist method leads to a drift from the working class itself. Marxism, on the contrary,
develops through the continual integration of new elements, new realities, into its
theoretical structure. . . . Particularly in the present period, when the working class seems
to the empiricist to be under the complete and everlasting domination of reformist
bureaucracies, this ideological pressure is the result of a terribly strong social pressure.
The Trotskyist groups feel small and isolated at the very moment that significant leftist
forces are clearly in motion throughout the world. These forces, however, are under the
leadership of non-proletarian tendencies: 'left' social democrats, Stalinists of one or another variety, and 'revolutionary' bourgeois or petty-bourgeois groups in the colonial countries." (RT of the SWP-USA 1962)

Supplemental reading:

Recommended Background Reading:

  • Richard Appignanesi and Oscar Zarate, Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution(1977)
  • Tariq Ali and Phil Evans, Introducing Trotsky and Marxism (1980)
  • Spartacist League, Lenin and the Vanguard Party (pamphlet 1978)

 

Week 6: March 27th
Re-organizing the Left?


 

Week 7: April 3rd
New "vanguards" for revolution? (1): anti-authoritarianism

  • Rudi Dutschke, "On Anti-Authoritarianism" (1968) [in Oglesby, ed., New Left Reader, 243-253]
  • Daniel and Gabriel Cohn-Bendit, "The Battle for the Streets" — C'est Pour Toi Que Tu Fais La Révolution" [from Obsolete Communism: A Left-Wing Alternative (1968)] [in Oglesby, ed., New Left Reader, 254-266]

Supplemental Readings:


 

Week 8: April 10th
Identity Politics

Supplemental Readings:

Suggested Viewing: Finally Got the News (film 1970, 55 min.: dir. Bird, Lichtman and Gessner with LRBW


 

Week 9: April 17th
Neo-Marxism?

 

Im 20.Jahrhundert tauchte immer wieder die Erinnerung an 1917 auf. Ob die Volksfront der 30er, die Kommunistische Revolution in China 1949 oder die Neue Linke der 60er, die Linke hat versucht, sich

10. November jeden Freitag von 18 bis 21Uhr statt.
Ort: Universität Köln

Dienstags 19 - 21 Uhr | ab dem 24. Oktober 2017
Artists Unlimited e. V. August-Bebel-Str. 94
33602 Bielefeld

September 2017 – Januari 2018

Sabtu, 13:00-16:00

*lokasi masih tentatif, akan dikabari tanggal 21 September

  • materi pokok/ + materi rekomendasi

Week A. Radical bourgeois philosophy I. Rousseau: Crossroads of society | Sep. 23, 2017

Whoever dares undertake to establish a people’s institutions must feel himself capable of changing, as it were, human nature, of transforming each individual, who by himself is a complete and solitary whole, into a part of a larger whole, from which, in a sense, the individual receives his life and his being, of substituting a limited and mental existence for the physical and independent existence. He has to take from man his own powers, and give him in exchange alien powers which he cannot employ without the help of other men.

-- Jean-Jacques Rousseau, On the Social Contract (1762)

+ Rainer Maria Rilke, "Archaic Torso of Apollo" (1908)

+ Robert Pippin, "On Critical Theory" (2004)

Week B. Radical bourgeois philosophy II. Hegel: Freedom in history | Sep. 30, 2017

Week C. Radical bourgeois philosophy III. Nietzsche (1): Life in history | Oct. 7, 2017

Nietzsche on history chart of terms

Week D. Radical bourgeois philosophy IV. Nietzsche (2): Asceticism of moderns | Oct. 14, 2017

Human, All Too Human: Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil (1999)

Week E. 1960s New Left I. Neo-Marxism | Oct. 21, 2017 U.S. Labor Day weekend

Commodity form chart of terms

+ Postone, “History and helplessness: Mass mobilization and contemporary forms of anticapitalism” (2006)

+ Postone, “Theorizing the contemporary world: Brenner, Arrighi, Harvey” (2006)

Week F. 1960s New Left II. Gender and sexuality | Oct. 28, 2017

Week G. Frankfurt School precursors | Nov. 4, 2017

+ Kracauer, “Photography” (1927)

 

Week 1. What is the Left? I. Capital in history | Nov. 11, 2017

Capital in history timeline and chart of terms

video of Communist University 2011 London presentation

Week 2. What is the Left? II. Bourgeois society | Nov. 18, 2017

+ Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the origin of inequality (1754)

+ Rousseau, selection from On the social contract (1762)

Week 3. What is the Left? III. Failure of Marxism | Nov. 25, 2017

Week 4. What is the Left? IV. Utopia and critique | Dec. 2, 2017

Week 5. What is Marxism? I. Socialism | Dec. 9, 2017

Commodity form chart of terms

Week 6. What is Marxism? II. Revolution in 1848 | Dec. 16, 2017

Week 7. What is Marxism? III. Bonapartism | Dec. 23, 2017

+ Karl Korsch, "The Marxism of the First International" (1924)

+ Korsch, Introduction to Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme (1922)

Week 8. What is Marxism? IV. Critique of political economy | Jan. 6, 2017

Commodity form chart of terms

Week 9. What is Marxism? V. Reification | Jan. 13, 2017

Commodity form chart of terms

Suplemen

+ Richard Appignanesi and Oscar Zarate / A&Z, Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution / Lenin for Beginners (1977)

+ Sebastian Haffner, Failure of a Revolution: Germany 1918–19 (1968)

+ Edmund Wilson, To the Finland Station: A Study in the Writing and Acting of History (1940), Part II. Ch. (1–4,) 5–10, 12–16; Part III. Ch. 1–6

+ Tariq Ali and Phil Evans, Introducing Trotsky and Marxism / Trotsky for Beginners (1980)

+ James Joll, The Second International 1889–1914 (1966)

Week 10. What is Marxism? VI. Class consciousness | Jan. 20, 2018

+ Marx, Preface to the First German Edition and Afterword to the Second German Edition (1873) of Capital (1867), pp. 294–298, 299–302

Week 11. What is Marxism? VII. Ends of philosophy | Jan. 27, 2018

+ Marx, To make the world philosophical (from Marx's dissertation, 1839–41), pp. 9–11

+ Marx, For the ruthless criticism of everything existing (letter to Arnold Ruge, September 1843), pp. 12–15

+ Marx, "Theses on Feuerbach" (1845), pp. 143–145

 

 

Wöchentlich
Donnerstags, 18:30-21:30
ab 12. Oktober 2017

Der Vortrag findet am 13. Oktober um 19:00 Uhr in Wien statt. Der genaue Ort wird noch bekannt gegeben.

25. Oktober immer Mittwochs von 19 bis 21 Uhr  statt.

Mondays 7–10pm

Zossener Str. 56, 10961 Berlin (Eingang A. 4. Stock. Buzzer: Zizoo)


required / + recommended reading


Lenin readings available in Robert C. Tucker, ed., The Lenin Anthology (Norton, 1977), except (*) on marxists.org


Recommended background readings

+ Richard Appignanesi and Oscar Zarate / A&Z, Introducing Lenin and the Russian Revolution / Lenin for Beginners (1977)
+ John Reed, Ten Days that Shook the World (1919)


Week 1 | Aug 14

• Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Two Tactics of Social Democracy in the Democratic Revolution (1905)
• Lenin, On the Two Lines in the Revolution (1915) *


Week 2 | Aug 21

Lenin, Lecture on the 1905 Revolution (1917)
Lenin, Letters from Afar (1917) *
Lenin, April Theses (1917)


Week 3 | Aug 28

Lenin, The Dual Power (1917)
Lenin, The Enemies of the People (1917)
Lenin, The Beginning of Bonapartism (1917)


Week 4 | Sep 5

Lenin, Can the Bolsheviks Retain State Power? (1917)
Lenin, Marxism and Insurrection (1917)
Lenin, Advice of an Onlooker (1917)


Week 5 | Sep 12

Lenin, To the Citizens of Russia! (1917)
Lenin, Theses on the Constituent Assembly (1917)
Lenin, The Chief Task of Our Day (1918)
Lenin, The Immediate Tasks of the Soviet Government (1918)


Week 6 | Sep 19

Lenin, The Proletarian Revolution and the Renegade Kautsky (1918)